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Sabbath School Lesson Begins

Rebellion and Redemption

Rebellion and Redemption

Somehow, and we don't know exactly why, sin arose in God's perfect Creation, and that sin became the starting point for what we understand as the great controversy. One thing, though, we do know, and very well too: as human beings, we are caught in the middle of this controversy. It's a battle that none of us escape.

It wasn't, though, supposed to be that way, not in the beginning. Creation was "very good" and "blessed" by God. Although the Lord was recognized as the Sustainer of this perfect Creation, He gave Adam and Eve the responsibility of taking care of what He had made for them. The great controversy came to earth when Satan deceived Adam and Eve with flattery and deception, diverting their allegiance from God to himself. Had they remained faithful to what God had told them, had they obeyed His simple commands, the world as we know it, with all its miseries, trials, and suffering, would never had arisen.

"Satan's efforts to misrepresent the character of God, to cause men to cherish a false conception of the Creator, and thus to regard Him with fear and hate rather than with love; his endeavors to set aside the divine law, leading the people to think themselves free from its requirements; and his persecution of those who dare to resist his deceptions, have been steadfastly pursued in all ages. They may be traced in the history of patriarchs, prophets, and apostles, of martyrs and reformers."-Ellen G. White, The Great Controversy, pp. 12, 13.

In answer to this tragedy, God, who had foreseen all this happening "before the foundation of the world" (Eph. 1:4), put in place His rescue plan. It's what we know as the plan of Redemption. This Redemption is prefigured in the account of God meeting with Abram in Genesis 15:1-21, when He passed between the animal pieces. The ancient ceremony was an assurance to Abram; and thus, to all of us that God is personally involved in providing a solution to the problem caused by sin.

Yes, God has pledged to bear in Himself the full responsibility for all human rebellion and to suffer the consequences for every evil we have committed. Only in this way could God restore His relationship with the human race, relationships between humans, and humanity's relationship with the rest of creation.

It is in this overarching context that we see Satan's insatiable passion to deface creation and to obliterate God's people. His strategies are revealed in the Bible, where good and evil are played out between siblings, in families, and in besieged nations. It is seen in times of oppression, famine, slavery and exile, in frustrated attempts to rebuild after disaster, in divided loyalties and the enticement of idolatrous practices.

Throughout Scripture, God is constantly defeating Satan's purposes. Jesus' coming as Immanuel, "God with us," recovered the territory stolen from Adam and Eve. Jesus succeeded where Adam failed. In His ministry He showed His authority over creation and the forces of evil. Just before His return to heaven, He recommissioned His followers and at Pentecost empowered them to extend the borders of His heavenly kingdom.

Jesus has won the decisive victory at the cross. The challenge has always been where we place our loyalties, on the side that has won or on the side that has lost. Though the choice should be easy and obvious, because the controversy still rages and the deceptions are ever-present, the battle for our hearts and minds continues. Our hope and prayer, then, is that this quarter's lessons will reveal some of these deceptions and thus help us not just to choose Christ but to remain with Him because, as He has promised, "'He who endures to the end shall be saved'" (Matt. 24:13, NKJV).

David Tasker, field secretary of the South Pacific Division, has a PhD in Old Testament, and has been a church pastor in his native New Zealand, mission president in Solomon Islands, and lecturer in Biblical Studies at Pacific Adventist University (Papua New Guinea), and Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies (Philippines). He and his wife Carol have two married sons (Nathan and Stephen) and three grandchildren.

Lesson 1 *December 26-January 1

Crisis in Heaven

Sabbath Afternoon

Read for This Week's Study: Isa. 14:4, 12-15; Ezek. 28:2, 12-19; John 12:31; Rev. 12:7-16; Luke 10:1-21.

Memory Text: "'Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!'" (Revelation 7:10, NKJV).

The law of love being the foundation of the government of God, the happiness of all intelligent beings depends upon their perfect accord with its great principles of righteousness. God desires from all His creatures the service of love-service that springs from an appreciation of His character. He takes no pleasure in a forced obedience; and to all He grants freedom of will, that they may render Him voluntary service."-Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 34.

So long as all created beings acknowledged the allegiance of love, there was perfect harmony throughout the universe. All it took was one rebel, and everything changed. Lucifer thought that he could do a better job than God did. He wanted God's position and the prestige that went with it.

His lust for power resulted in a "war in heaven" (Rev. 12:7). By tricking Adam and Eve at the forbidden tree in Eden, Satan brought that war to earth, and we have been living with the consequences ever since. The plan of salvation is God's way of dealing with the rebellion and restoring the order and harmony that Satan had disrupted.

Study this week's lesson to prepare for Sabbath, January 2.

Sunday December 27

The Fall in Heaven

Read Isaiah 14:4, 12-15. What descriptions of the king of Babylon indicate that he is speaking of someone much greater than a mere human ruler?

No earthly king has ever fallen from heaven, a truth that suggests that Isaiah 14:12-15 are focusing on someone bigger than the king, even of Babylon. Furthermore, the images of ascending to heaven, of being in a position higher than angels, and of presiding over the assembly on the mountain in the far north are all recognized descriptions of deity in the ancient Near East. Satan's ambitions are, clearly, exposed here, in this kind of "dual" prophecy.

Jesus uses a similar tactic in His description of the destruction of Jerusalem (Matthew 24:1-51). Although the disciples ask about the destruction of the temple, in His reply, Jesus describes both the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70, and the greater reality of the end of the world. In the same way, Isaiah describes the attributes of an earthly king but applies it all to something much grander and larger than just a mere human king.

Read Ezekiel 28:2, 12-19. How is Satan depicted here?

Ezekiel 28:13 describes a perfect being present in the "garden of God," one decorated with all the kinds of precious stones later found on the breastplate of the high priest and as a being who was commissioned as a guardian cherub at the throne of God. The perfect being, however, corrupted himself because of his "beauty."

By using human parallels, these glimpses allow us to understand divine realities. The prophets used that which is closer and more easily understandable in order to explain something that, in and of itself, might be harder for us to understand. What happens in heaven may be difficult for us on earth to grasp, but we are all able to understand the effects of the blatant and destructive political ambitions of earthly rulers. Isaiah and Ezekiel give us insight into the inexplicable transition, at some point in history, when all that was beautiful and perfect in God's order of things was marred by destructive ambition.

If a perfect being, created by a perfect God, in a perfect environment, could mess himself up because of pride, what should that tell us fallen beings about how deadly this sentiment really is?

Monday December 28

The Prince of This World

Read John 12:31, 14:30, 16:11. Why does Jesus call Satan the prince of this world?

When God first established Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, He entrusted them with the management of Eden (Gen. 2:8, 15), and the care of all creatures in the waters, skies, and upon the earth (Gen. 1:26, 28). When Adam named all the animals, he demonstrated his stewardship over them. Usually the one with authority over something can give it a name; so, by naming all creatures, Adam was clearly demonstrating his status as the ruler of the world.

When Adam lost that dominion, Satan very quickly filled the vacuum. Part of the restoration of the human race, made possible by Christ's sacrifice at Calvary, will be when the redeemed are given Adam's and Eve's privilege of reigning with God for the rest of eternity as "kings and priests" (Rev. 1:6, 5:10).

The opening chapters of the book of Job reveal to us just how extensive Adam's loss was. As we are given a glimpse into the throne room of the universe, we can also see how subordinate to nature the human race has become since the Fall.

Read Job 1:6-7 and 2:1-2. Why does Satan introduce himself to the assembly of the sons of God as the one walking to and fro on the earth?

Walking "to and fro" or "walking back and forth" is not just the act of a tourist. In Scripture it is a sign of ownership. When God gave the land to Abraham, He told him to walk its length and breadth (Gen. 13:17), and similarly to Moses and Joshua (Deut. 11:24, Josh. 1:3). Satan, in a sense, is flaunting himself as "the god of this world" (2 Cor. 4:4).

The introduction of Satan in the first two chapters of Job parallels what happened in Genesis 3. Satan initiates trouble in paradise and then leaves the human victims to suffer in his wake.

What evidence can we see of Satan's work in this world? How can you draw hope from the promise that one day this whole mess will be over?

Tuesday December 29

War in Heaven

We have no idea what war in heaven means; that is, we don't know what kind of physical battles were fought other than the casting out of Satan and his angels. The fact is, the Bible does not say anything about the physical aftermath of this heavenly conflict. It deals, instead, with the spiritual results here on earth.

Read Revelation 12:7-16. What does it tell us about the great controversy as it impacted heaven and then earth?

Note the positive way that John talks about the continuing war between the "accuser of our brethren" and the overcomers. He links it to salvation and the coming of the kingdom of God (Rev. 12:10-11). This positive theme is underscored throughout the chapter and is an important aspect of the great controversy.

It is crucial that we note the overall context of Revelation 12:1-17. Three great threats are described there, but each is followed by an incredible deliverance. In a dramatic vision John is shown the struggle between Christ and Satan and how totally mismatched it all appears to be.

For instance, a great red dragon (Satan, Rev. 12:9) prepares to eat a baby (Jesus) about to be born. What baby could survive that? But He does and is caught up to the throne of God.

The dragon then attempts to persecute the mother (a symbol of the people of God; see Rev. 12:13). How much can a mother who has just given birth defend herself against a dragon? But she also escapes miraculously (Rev. 12:14).

In a third attempt to destroy God's chosen, the dragon causes a flood to gush out after the woman (Rev. 12:15). A woman against a flood? But, again, God steps in and delivers her (Rev. 12:16).

The dragon now turns his attention to the remnant of the woman's seed. He is furious and wars against them. History clearly shows how God's people have been hunted, oppressed, and persecuted over the years. Too often we see the impossibility of the struggle and wonder how the faithful will survive, forgetting that the story does not end there. It continues in Revelation 14:1-20, where we see the faithful standing before God's throne; thus, they, too, have been delivered.

At times when you feel overwhelmed by forces greater than yourself, how can you learn to take courage in the Lord, who is greater than all things?

Wednesday December 30

Satan Evicted

As we have seen, the war in heaven was not confined to heaven but affected the earth too. For some time it appears that Satan (the "accuser of our brethren," Rev. 12:10) was still able to stand before God's throne and make accusations against God's people. Job was one biblical character who suffered this indignity.

Read Luke 10:1-21. What was the meaning of Christ's words about Satan here?

Before Jesus sent out the 70, He instructed them not to take any spare clothing or money (Luke 10:4) and to ask God's blessing on their hosts (Luke 10:5). He warned that they were like lambs walking among wolves (Luke 10:3) - a concern reflected in Revelation 12:1-17, where the dragon attempts to make war with God's people.

On their joyous return (Luke 10:17) the disciples reported that the demons were subject to them, and this must have brought Jesus great joy (Luke 10:21). It is in this context that Jesus makes His statement about Satan falling like lightning from heaven. He warns the disciples that their joy must not be based on their success over demonic forces but rather on having their names written in heaven (Luke 10:20). This reminder places human salvation firmly where it belongs-in the hands of our Savior. It is Jesus, not we, who has defeated the enemy.

Jesus' followers, however, are given the privilege of witnessing about the salvation Jesus has won. This episode in Luke 10:17-20 seems to link the work of witnessing that Jesus entrusts to His people with power over Satan in this great controversy. The work of witnessing erodes the power that Satan has over the people of this world and gives humankind opportunity to resume their original work of expanding the borders of God's kingdom.

Power over our adversary is only possible because of the victory Jesus won at the cross. Paul states that Jesus "disarmed principalities and powers" and triumphed over them (Col. 2:15, NKJV). In Him, God's people are triumphant. Satan's demise is assured. "'The ruler of this world will be cast out'" (John 12:31, NKJV), never to malign God's people again. We can surely rejoice that the battle is the Lord's!

"Rejoice, because your names are written in heaven." Dwell on these words. What are they saying, and why is that such a great reason to rejoice?

Thursday December 31

The Continuing Battle

Just as the reflexes of a twitching, freshly killed poisonous snake can cause it to reach around and inject its poison if you pick it up, Satan's bite is still deadly. He may have been defeated at Calvary, but the danger is not over yet.

Read John 16:33. How did Jesus warn His disciples of the continuing struggle against evil?

Jesus was clear that His followers would not have an easy time, but instead of focusing on the challenges, He focused on the victory that they would have in Him. Reflecting on this guarantee, Paul assured the believers in Rome that God would crush Satan beneath their feet (Rom. 16:20). And John told the last-day church of the same thing-their victory was assured through the blood of the Lamb (Rev. 12:11).

Read Hebrews 12:1-2. Who are the "witnesses," and how do they encourage us? See Hebrews 11:1-40.

Hebrews 11:1-40 quickly sketches the lives of some of the famous heroes of faith. Abel offers a perfect sacrifice, and he is not forgotten even though he is dead. Enoch habitually draws near to God so is taken straight to heaven to be with Him. Noah warns of unseen events and offers salvation to a world drowned in sin. Abraham leaves a great civilization to go to a land of promise. Sarah gives birth to a promised son even though she is too old to have a child. Moses chooses to suffer with his people rather than to live in a king's palace. And Rahab witnesses to God's greatness (Josh. 2:9-11). These are among those who form the great cloud of witnesses spoken of in Hebrews 12:1. They are not passive witnesses, like spectators watching a game; instead, they actively witness to us that God is faithful, sustaining them in whatever struggles they faced. We are not alone in this great battle.

Look at some of those mentioned in Hebrews 11:1-40. Who were they, and what were they like? What encouragement can you draw from the fact that they were not flawless and faultless human beings but were people with fears, passions, and weaknesses just like we all are?

Friday January 1

Further Thought: We do not know why sin arose in Lucifer. Ellen G. White tells us that "little by little Lucifer came to indulge the desire for self-exaltation" - Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 35. The fact that this occurred in a perfect being reveals in a powerful way the reality of free will and free choice as part of God's government. God created all intelligent creatures as good; they were moral beings with a good moral nature. There was nothing in them leaning toward evil. How, then, did sin arise in Lucifer? The answer is that there is no answer. There is no excuse for sin. If an excuse for it could be found, then God could ultimately be held responsible for it. As humans we are used to cause/effect relationships. But sin does not have a cause; there is simply no reason for it. It's irrational and nonsensical. Lucifer could not justify his actions, especially as one so favored of God. Somehow, though, through abusing free will, Lucifer corrupted himself, and from being the "light bearer," he became Satan, "the adversary." Though there's a lot we don't understand, we should understand enough to know just how careful we ourselves need to be with the sacred gift of free will and free choice.

Discussion Questions:

  1. Jealousy played a large part in Satan's rebellion against God. In your own experience, what kind of damage has jealousy caused? How can we learn to fight against this very common emotion?
  2. Dwell more on the amazing gift of free will and free choice. How do we use these gifts every day? Look at some of the terrible consequences of the wrong use of this gift. How can we learn to use it correctly?
  3. Think about the role of the law in context of free will and free choice. The mere fact that God has a law should be a testimony to the reality of free will. After all, what is the purpose of a moral law unless you have moral creatures who can choose to follow it? Dwell more on the implications of the law and what it says about human freedom.
  4. There's a powerful tendency, especially in certain parts of the world, to reject the idea of a literal devil. Why is such a view so contrary to even the most basic understanding of the Bible?

Inside Story~ 

Lightbearer to the Amazon

The longest river in South America is the Amazon, flowing from the Andes mountains of Peru to the Atlantic Ocean-a distance of nearly 4,000 miles (6400 km.) Along the banks of this massive river live many unreached tribes. A mission to reach these people was started by Pastor Leo and Jessie Halliwell in the 1930s. Navigating the Amazon in their handcrafted wooden boat, the Luzeiro ("light bearer" in Portuguese), the Halliwells brought hope and healing to countless people living along this famous waterway. Many mission stories have come from the Halliwells' experiences. Below is a favorite, written by Charlotte Ishkanian.

Angels on the Amazon

Pastor Halliwell steered the Luzeiro along the river while his 15-year-old son, Jack, stared into the jungle hoping to see a jaguar, the “jungle leopard.” Overhead a brilliant macaw flew by, squawking loudly. Then the boat’s engine slowed, and Jack noticed three well-dressed men waving at the Luzeiro from a canoe.

“Hello!” one man called out. “Can you give us a tow upstream?"

Pastor Halliwell knew it was dangerous to give hitchhikers a ride. But something impressed him to stop. “Throw them a line, Jack,” he called to his son. Jack threw the men the rope, and the men attached it to their boat.

Two men climbed aboard and stood beside Pastor Halliwell as he steered the boat up the river. Suddenly one of the men grabbed the wheel and turned the boat around. The boat shuddered and moved suddenly away from the riverbank and out into the middle of the river. The sudden movement nearly threw Jack overboard!

Pastor Halliwell stared at the waters they had just crossed. Not 20 feet from where they had been heading, the jagged points of hundreds of rocks lay just beneath the surface of the water. If the boat had hit those rocks, it would have been ripped apart.

“Whew!” Pastor Halliwell exclaimed. “Thank you! You saved our boat and probably our lives!"

The man smiled but said nothing as he steered the boat through the rocky waters. Then the man gave the wheel back to Pastor Halliwell. “Thank you for the ride, sir,” the man said. “If you stop, we’ll get out now."

This is strange! thought Pastor Halliwell. There are no signs of a village nearby. Nevertheless, he stopped the boat, and the two men climbed back into their canoe and pushed off into the current.

“Watch where they go,” Leo called to Jack.

“Dad, they’ve disappeared!” Jack called.

Leo turned from the wheel. The river was empty. There was no bend in the river, no ripples in the water. The three men and their boat had disappeared.

Our mission offerings supported the work of the Halliwells and continue to support mission among the people living in isolated villages and large cities along the Amazon River. Part of this quarter’s Thirteenth Sabbath Offering will be used to build a “floating church” to be used in conjunction with the Luzeiro boats on the Amazon.

By Charlotte Ishkanian, former Mission quarterly editor.

Produced by the General Conference Office of Adventist Mission.  email:  website:

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